2017.04 April Newsletter

April 2017 Newsletter!
Happy Springtime Greetings to all PLAG Members, Friends and Supporters:

April 2017 has arrived with the usual springtime in the Rockies,  sunshine, rain, snow, hail, etc.. Pick your favorite.  At Palmer Lake Art Group, April means preparing and getting ready for the June Art Show. So get out art supplies, photography’s,  and 3-D supplies  and create your master pieces. To enhance your art, there will be a workshop after the April 8th meeting on how  best to present and make your art work look its best.

Entry forms will be available at the meeting.

For each of the past 52 years, Palmer Lake Art Group has been supporting art and artists in the local Tri Lakes community. Our key goal each year is to offer funds to award scholarships to deserving high school students from District 38 who wish to pursue a college level degree related to the arts. Each recipient must demonstrate artistic merit and an education plan focused on their career goal. PLAG’s scholarship committee will select this year’s recipients for awards The presentation will take place during June show Reception at Tri-Lake Center for the Arts. Recipients will also have the opportunity to exhibit their art at the show.  The amount of scholarship awarded will be determined at the April 8 meeting.  Please attend this meeting to vote on the total award for 2017. 

April Meeting:  Saturday,  April 8 at the Mountain Community Mennonite Church starting 9:00 with social gathering and snacks, 9:30 business agenda.  

Agenda and Planning: 

Welcome guests and members & new members

Thank you to everyone who brought food today

Sunshine committee
Publicity
Treasurer’s report
Color Splash June PLAG Show
Scholarship
Publicity

Other

Happy April Birthday Greetings to Claudia Dimik and Bob Zettler 
Art Education from Cindy:
 

ARTofficial Intelligence

What are lines and mass?

The linear composition usually the horizon line that separates the plane of the sky from the ground is considered the fundamental element of the artist’s overall composition. De plane, de plane….Fantasy Island right on the canvas is produced by lines and curves that depict the landscape; the foreground, middle areas and background. The relationship between the different sections provides the areas of interest.

Mass are blocks within form or shape and are considered subjective and represents the artist’s interpretation of the subject matter. It’s a lot like religion; we attend mass so we don’t lose our spiritual definition. In painting, we focus on the forms and contours, areas of light and shadow and balance those elements to add life and interest in a composition.

What does the term Chiaroscuro mean?

This word sounded menacing to me when I was four years old and heard the term from my uncle who was attending the Art Institute of Chicago. I thought it was a secret code name. The “key is the sky hero” is what I heard and wondered how art and espionage were related. It really isn’t too far off the mark since it’s an Italian term; Chiaro meaning light and Scuro meaning dark. It is the strong tonal contrast between light and dark in three dimensional forms using light and shadow for a dramatic effect.

What does the term rhythm mean in art?

Just like in music, the tune of the painting has to have harmony. The elements of composition made of forms and sizes need to relate harmoniously. It is the vitality of the painting, the variations of colors and shapes and even the repetition of objects and directions that lead to a successful pictorial rhythmical composition.

From the words of Pablo Picasso: “Art washes away from the soul the dust of everyday life.”

Cindy Tafil

Announcements:

from Bob Zettler:

I have attached a flyer here for a seminar by me should there be any interest. If so send an e-mail my way.The next one is scheduled for Sat-Sun April 8-9 which also means I cannot get to the next meeting.  I volunteered to create a sign for the club so let me know the status.  Also I will have a booth in the Pikes Peak Whittlers show In Colorado Springs May 22-21 so come see some of the best woodcarvers in Colo.  Thanks  Bob Zettler  bobcatcarving@gmail.com    Sorry Bob, couldn’t copy your flyer into the Newsletter. Please contact Bob via his email.

from John DeFrancesco:

John DeFrancesco will teach a 5-session oil class at the Colorado Springs Senior Center,  Mondays beginning May 8. Two sessions on color mixing and three on painting. Information will be available online April 15 at csseniorcenter.com. John DeFrancesco jdefrancesco522@comcast.netwww.johndefrancesco.com

Tri-Lake Center for the Arts presents: Predictions & Perceptions from the Spiritual Realm Friday, April 7 – Opening Reception, 6-8pm  Exhibition Dates – March 28 to June 2 in the Main Gallery

 
PLAG Minutes – MARCH 11, 2017

The meeting was called to order at 9:30 am by President, Jim Sawatzki. Board members present were Susie Arnold, Margarete Seagraves and Carolyn Stolz. Absent: Rikki Stiltner, Vice President.

As our new President, Jim Sawatzki gave some background information on himself to members who may not know him. Jim lives in the Monument area and has worked for Pancratz pottery; was a mailman in Monument for 10 years. He was an art teacher for a number of years. He has a degree in graphics design & minored in ceramics at Michigan State University. He produces videos on Colorado history and is a painter. Jim has also been president of PLAG in years past.

We have no guests at today’s meeting.  Thanks to everyone who brought food this morning (Pat Hilbert, Carolyn Stolz, Ed Gordon). 

A motion to approve Today’s agenda was carried.

Sunshine Committee Report: Irene Pallon & John DeFrancesco reported that Pam Havemann is in the hospital due to 3 blood clots, one of which is in her carotid artery. A card was sent to Mary Krucoff who continues to recovery from shoulder surgery. Irmi Knoth had knee replacement surgery is now recovering at home. Cards were also sent to Grace Cullen & Ken Carbaugh.

February Minutes. A motion was made by Cindy Tafil & seconded by Lynn Roth to approve the February Minutes. Motion carried.

Treasurer’s Report, as of February 2017:

Checking Account:
Beginning Balance 02/01/17 $47,900.0 • Deposits 0.00 Checks/Debits: 350.40 • Ending Balance 02/28/17 $47,549.61

Savings Account

Ending Balance 02/28/17 $ 5,425.72 • *Expenses: Bella Panini/Christmas party $360.00 • Checks/Debits 423.96 • Ending Balance 01/31/17 $47,900.01

Expenses: MCMC rent $ 100.00

Tri Lakes Women’s Club (PLAG booth) 75.00

Tri Lakes Chamber of Commerce 131.25

Printing (Margarete Seagraves) 44.15

Motion to approve the Treasurer’s report was carried.

In addition to the Treasurer’s report, there was discussion regarding the bank accounts and investing the money from the proceeds of the sale of the Vaile Gallery. John DeFrancesco has looked into a mutual fund with Vanguard. There were suggestions to look into Fidelity or other investment companies and the possible fees. It was decided that Jim Sawatzki, Susie Arnold and John DeFrancesco would talk to some banks and or credit unions for advice.

2017 WINTER FINE ARTS SHOW WRAP-UP:

Susie Arnold reported that we had a $280 loss. There were 4 sales: Margarete Seagraves, John DeFrancesco and Ray Shaw.  It was decided that a one-month show would be best; that January is not a good time for a show.

Membership/By-Laws: Margarete received a request from Beth Carroll to continue her PLAG membership even though she has moved to Missouri and cannot participate in the group. There was discussion regarding the need to update the PLAG By-Laws. It was decided to discuss this at the next Art Committee meeting.

TRI-LAKES WOMEN’S CLUB SHOW – MAY 5-7, 2017:

The show will be held at the Lewis Palmer High School. PLAG will have a booth for publicity purposes. We need volunteers to man the booth. Volunteers may bring their art work to sell while there. *Sales will be the responsibility of the artist. Times include Saturday, 10-5 & Sunday, 10-4 pm. We will need someone to set up on Friday, May 5th. Jim S. volunteered to man the booth Saturday afternoon. Claudia Dimidik said she would do Saturday & Sunday. Margarete Seagraves, John DeFrancesco, Rikki Stiltner & Cindy Tafil will have their own tables & showing their work at this show.

There was discussion about making a banner for the table/booth. Lynn Roth said that can be done. Bob Zettler volunteered to make the PLAG banner. Lynn Roth will draw up something for the Art Committee meeting March 27th. There was discussion about the size of the booth/table so Jim S. will call Bonnie, our contact at TLW, to get the correct dimensions. It was noted that we also need to prepare with brochures, etc. There was discussion about what we need to have available at the booth such as Items explaining who we are (PLAG); our mission of scholarships; opportunity for the public to donate to our scholarship fund & membership applications. We also need have flyers on art show sponsorship and try to recruit sponsors. Lynn Roth suggested that we encourage people to fill out applications & pay membership fees.

*It was also noted that donations to PLAG from sales made at these show was voluntary on the part of the artist.

FALL CRAFT SHOW:

Evalina Stoyanova, chairman, reported that she has reserved the Town Hall. Dates for the show will be Friday & Saturday, October 6 & 7. Set up will be on Thursday, Oct. 5th. (She noted that the hall was not available for the following weekend.) Applications are being sent out. She noted that PLAG is the only group planning to have a show that weekend.

This show is our main fund raiser for the scholarship fund. We are limited to 23 booths (4 or 8 ft tables available). Vendor fees are $120 for non-members; $100 for members. All monies go to the scholarship fund.

MISCELLANEOUS:

There was discussion that our meetings should be posted/advertised in various publications such as the Gazette Go section; Pikes Peak Arts Council; Peak Radar, etc.

Adjournment at 10:35 am. A motion was made by Irene Pallon and seconded by Marcia Edwards to adjourn the meeting. Motion carried.
#############

 

ARTofficial Intelligence • MAR

ARTofficial Intelligence • Cindy Tafil

What’s the difference between turpentine, mineral spirits and turpennoid?

First, all three can cause serious reactions. Turpentine, mineral spirits and turpenoid can cause skin, eye, mucous membrane, and upper respiratory tract complications. Taking out the odor in all three doesn’t mean the danger is gone. It just implies a nasty headache isn’t experienced using these solvents. Turpenoid is an odorless turpentine substitute that is a refined and filtered solvent suitable for oil painting. Odorless mineral spirits does the same thing, but it has impurities. However, if you’re allergic to turpentine, then odorless mineral spirits is probably your only choice. Keep in mind that the expensive turpenoid if not properly used such as dipping the paint brush into a dirty jar of turpenoid will result in an impure application. Keep one jar of solvent on hand for washing brushes (OMS) and the other for actual painting. Always keep the jar with turpenoid for painting as clean as possible.

What exactly is Alla Prima?

It means at the outset, an Italian term for the approach of painting using glazes, scumbles and other techniques. Generally, any painting that is approached loosely is categorized as alla prima painting. Thicker and lighter passages that define the essence of pictorial expression are characterized as alla prima, an opaque application of paint. A scumble is an application of semi-transparent color and a glaze is an application of transparent color.

Flemish painters used all three applications that were completed at one sitting. (wet on wet/alla prima) Contrasts were used extensively with the Dutch masters from thick and thin, opaque and transparent, warm and cool and light and shadow.

Are there dyes in oil and acrylic paints and what are the biggest differences in these mediums?

The answer is yes, but it’s almost impossible to decipher which brands and what pigments are affected. Dyes have been used for inexpensive substitutes for some of the more expensive, intense, and opaque colors of mineral origin; such as the cadmium yellows, reds and oranges. Adding dyes can fortify the intensity of color pigments. The thalo colors are a synthetic green pigment from the group of phthalocyanine dyes that allow a high intensity and bright color used in oil and acrylic based paints.

Acrylic and watercolor paint evaporates, oil paint oxidizes. All paints begin with dry powdered pigments and contain liquid vehicles called binders. Linseed and poppy oil are used as binders for artists’ oil colors. Acrylic paints are made with acrylic polymer (plastic) resins dispersed in water. Watercolor binder is made with a gum arabic solution.

The pigments contain coloring substances of organic or inorganic origin and many of the powdered pigments are synthetic. The permanence of a pigment is determined by its resistance to fading when exposed to direct sunlight.

Neutral colored powders in oil colors, called inert pigments have been colored with organic dyes. These are called “lakes” from the term “lac” a blood red dye from India.

One word of caution: Labels on the tubes of paint do not specify insoluble or non-bleeding pigments or soluble dyes.

“If I create from the heart, nearly everything works; if from the head, almost nothing.”
From the words of March Chagall

2017.03 March Newsletter

Welcome to PLAG’s March 2017 Newsletter

Our new president Jim Sawatzki will chair his first meeting on Saturday March 11th.Please attend so you can meet him. This is his second presidency, he first served in 2009/2010, was the previous caretaker of the art house and chaired the scholarship committee.
 
2017 PLAG Board of Officers:
Jim Sawatzki, President
Rikki Stiltner, Vice President
Susie Arnold, Treasurer
Carolyn Stolz, Recording Secretary
Margarete Seagraves, Corresponding SecretaryCommittee Chairmen:
Art Gallery: Cindy Tafil
Sunshine: Irene Pallon & John Defrancesco
Website: Susie Arnold
Publicity: Irene Pallon
Scholarship: Lynn Roth
Newsletter: Margarete Seagraves

The March 2017 PLAG monthly meeting: 
Saturday,  March 11 at the Mountain Community Mennonite Church starting 9:00 with social gathering and snacks, 9:30 business agenda.  

Agenda and Planning: 

Welcome guests and members & new members
Thank you to everyone who brought food today
Sunshine committee
Treasurer’s report
Winter Show update

Fall Craft Fair
Publicity
Website
Scholarship

Other

To: Mary Krucoff & Dennis Brook

>>>> monthly Education by Cindy Tafil:

ARTofficial Intelligence • Cindy Tafil

What’s the difference between turpentine, mineral spirits and turpennoid?

First, all three can cause serious reactions. Turpentine, mineral spirits and turpenoid can cause skin, eye, mucous membrane, and upper respiratory tract complications. Taking out the odor in all three doesn’t mean the danger is gone. It just implies a nasty headache isn’t experienced using these solvents. Turpenoid is an odorless turpentine substitute that is a refined and filtered solvent suitable for oil painting. Odorless mineral spirits does the same thing, but it has impurities. However, if you’re allergic to turpentine, then odorless mineral spirits is probably your only choice. Keep in mind that the expensive turpenoid if not properly used such as dipping the paint brush into a dirty jar of turpenoid will result in an impure application. Keep one jar of solvent on hand for washing brushes (OMS) and the other for actual painting. Always keep the jar with turpenoid for painting as clean as possible.

What exactly is Alla Prima?

It means at the outset, an Italian term for the approach of painting using glazes, scumbles and other techniques. Generally, any painting that is approached loosely is categorized as alla prima painting. Thicker and lighter passages that define the essence of pictorial expression are characterized as alla prima, an opaque application of paint. A scumble is an application of semi-transparent color and a glaze is an application of transparent color.

Flemish painters used all three applications that were completed at one sitting. (wet on wet/alla prima) Contrasts were used extensively with the Dutch masters from thick and thin, opaque and transparent, warm and cool and light and shadow.

Are there dyes in oil and acrylic paints and what are the biggest differences in these mediums?

The answer is yes, but it’s almost impossible to decipher which brands and what pigments are affected. Dyes have been used for inexpensive substitutes for some of the more expensive, intense, and opaque colors of mineral origin; such as the cadmium yellows, reds and oranges. Adding dyes can fortify the intensity of color pigments. The thalo colors are a synthetic green pigment from the group of phthalocyanine dyes that allow a high intensity and bright color used in oil and acrylic based paints.

Acrylic and watercolor paint evaporates, oil paint oxidizes. All paints begin with dry powdered pigments and contain liquid vehicles called binders. Linseed and poppy oil are used as binders for artists’ oil colors. Acrylic paints are made with acrylic polymer (plastic) resins dispersed in water. Watercolor binder is made with a gum arabic solution.

The pigments contain coloring substances of organic or inorganic origin and many of the powdered pigments are synthetic. The permanence of a pigment is determined by its resistance to fading when exposed to direct sunlight.

Neutral colored powders in oil colors, called inert pigments have been colored with organic dyes. These are called “lakes” from the term “lac” a blood red dye from India.

One word of caution: Labels on the tubes of paint do not specify insoluble or non-bleeding pigments or soluble dyes.

From the words of March Chagall: “If I create from the heart, nearly everything works; if from the head, almost nothing.”

 
Announcement from John Defrancesco:

PLAG has received a $1,600 donation from Mr. Charles Marshall in memory of his wife, Lou Marshall, who passed away last year. She was an excellent painter and won a blue ribbon in a PLAG Show in 1991. The Gallery Committee will recommend to the membership how the funds might be used to meet Mr. Marshall’s interest in furthering art and artists in the community, including PLAG members.

Art Exhibit Opportunities:
Tri-Lake Center for the Arts:  Predictions & Perceptions from the Spiritual Realm – Call for Entries. More Info: http://trilakesarts.org/events/predictions-perceptions-from-the-spiritual-realm-call-for-artists-2.html

Get ready for the upcoming  June Show: PLAG’s Color Splash of the year. Entry forms available soon!

Current Photography Exhibit at TLCA::  Vision of  Light  Reception: Friday, March 3rd, 6 – 8pm. Show runs through March 24th.

One more important announcement regarding PLAG membership:  Each year, by January 1, annual membership fees are due. Here is a list of members who have renewed their 2017 membership. If your name is not on the list and you would like  to continue your membership, please do so NOW!  Please remember that you will not be eligible for the member entry fees at PLAG events. You can mail your check for $25.00 single or $30.00 family membership to:  PLAG, P.O. Box 543, Palmer Lake, CO 80133

Here is a list of everyone who is paid up for 2017:
Donna Arndt
Susan Arnold
Bruni Berkowitz
John DeFrancisco
Claudia Dimidik
Barbara Donnegan
Marcia Edwards
Ed Gordon
Greg Hoff
Irmgard Knoth
Mary Krucoff
Judy Martin
Kim Martin
Christine Miller
Irene Pallon
Sharron Perotti
Tsilla Reyner
Linda Roberts
Lynn Roth
Jim Sawatzki
Patricia Schmidt
Margarete Seagraves
Ray Shaw
Clyde Smith
Norman Smith
Wilhelmina Steenbergen
Rikki Stiltner
Carolyn Stolz
Cindy Tafil
Diane Tilly
Bob Zettler
total = 31  There are 16 on the 2016 list that haven’t paid

PLAG Minutes – February 11, 2017

The meeting was called to order at 9:30 am by President, Cindy Tafil. Board members present were Susie Arnold, Margarete Seagraves and Carolyn Stolz.

Welcome to new members Bob Zettler & Diane Tilly. Bob is a woodcarver & painter with several pieces in our current art show. Diane is a watercolorist. Welcome to new member, Claudia Dimidik who introduced her daughter, Sophia. Claudia is photographer & painter (watercolor & acrylic). Also present was new member, Greg Hoff, whose artwork includes glasswork & jewelry. Everyone was happy that Mary Krucoff was able to join us at today’s meeting,

Thanks to everyone who brought food this morning.

A motion to approve Today’s agenda was carried.  There was no meeting in January, therefore, no minutes to approve.

Treasurer’s Report, as of December, 2016:

:Checking Account:  Beginning Balance 12/1/16 $47,513.97 • Deposits 200.00 Checks/Debits: 360.00* • Ending Balance 12/31/16 $47,353.97

Savings Account  Ending Balance 12/31/16 $ 5,425.72

*Expenses: Bella Panini/Christmas party $360.00

Treasurer’s Report, as of January, 2017:

Checking Account:

Beginning Balance 01/01/17 $47,353.97 • Deposits 970.00 • Checks/Debits 423.96 • Ending Balance 01/31/17 $47,900.01

Deposits: $680/show entries; $260/dues; $30/easel

Expenses: MCMC rent (2 months) $200.00

Ed Gordon (cleaning/dump) $24.00

Tri Lakes Printing (show) $51.64

Irmi Knoth (show/food) $122.10

Cindy Tafil (show/supplies) $ 6.22

Kim Martin (show/refund) $20.00

Treasurer’s reports were approved by membership.

2017 WINTER FINE ARTS SHOW UPDATE:

Reminder: Pick-up date for your art work from Tri-Lakes Center for the Arts is Saturday, February 25th from 10am – 12pm. Cindy asked for volunteers for pick-up.

Cindy Tafil brought up that members no longer will need to bring food for the shows at TLCA, as they have a caterer for all their events.

Cindy reports that there have been sales from the show, but she did not have details in time for today’s meeting, Margarete Seagraves sold one painting

Sunshine Report:

Nancy Moeglein’s daughter has died. A card from PLAG has been sent. Patty Hilbert was in the hospital recently and is recovering from pneumonia. Irmi Knoth will be having knee replacement this month. We’re glad Mary Krucoff is recovering from breaking her arm and was able to attend the meeting.

NEW PRESIDENT:

A motion was made to approve Jim Sawatzki as our PLAG president for this year. Motion was carried. Jim is a past president in 2010. We appreciate his volunteering for this job. Cindy will continue as Chairperson for all the shows in 2017. We are grateful for all her work as our president.

Rikki Stiltner was nominated & approved as vice president for 2017.

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR 2017:

Input from membership was discussed regarding programs for 2017. Please sent your ideas to the Art Committee/Board members.

Cindy Tafil discussed workshops which will be further discussed at the Art Committee’s next meeting. There is money available to pay to have professional artists come to us and instruct workshops. Irmi Knoth would make her studio available for workshops. Marcie Edwards suggested Kay Liggett be called.

It was discussed to reduce the number of workshop, i.e. doing 6 versus 11 in a year. Also, we will have 3 shows this year: Winter, Spring & Craft shows.

CRAFT SHOW:

Evalina Stoyanova, chairperson, has reserved the Palmer Lake Townhall for the first weekend in October. She is working on entry forms.

Other Events 2017:

A vote was taken and approved to not have a meeting in January each year.

We will have a pot luck again in July at John DeFrancesco’s.

Cindy Tafil suggested that she would like to see that PLAG is more active this year with the Tri-Lakes Chamber of Commerce by attending Chamber events and having a presence. She suggested that there is value in networking at these events. We need volunteers to attend.

Susie Arnold reported that PLAG business cards are done & available to hand out. PLAG will also pay any costs for members to attend events. Donna Arndt reported that the Chamber has a “mixer” every third Tuesday of the month that we could attend. It also has breakfast meetings on occasion. Jim Sawatzki will get emails from the Chamber on events, etc. Claudia Dimidik suggested that a group go regularly to the events. The Chamber also has a quarterly luncheon.

Lynn Roth suggested that we have a reminder in our monthly newsletter regarding activities at the Chamber.

John DeFrancesco reminded everyone that input for the monthly newsletter needs to be sent to Margarete by the 24th of the monthly deadline. John also brought up the Tri-Lakes Women’s Club which has an event in early May every year. This event has been primarily an antiques show in the past, but now includes arts, crafts and other expanded interests. Space is available. Bonnie Biggs is the contact person to reserve booth/table space. Irene Pallon will call Bonnie Biggs regarding a PLAG table. Cindy suggested we could display our PLAG business cards, brochures at these kind of shows.

A PLAG booth for this event was voted on and approved. We will need volunteers to man a table for the two-day event. This will be discussed at the next Art Committee meeting.

The Art Committee meets on Mondays after the regular monthly meeting. This meeting is open to all members and are encouraged to attend.

Irene Pallon has volunteered to be our publicity chairperson for 2017.
Other IDEAS:
Susie Arnold reported that PLAG was in receipt in January of a $1600 gift which we received from Charles Marshall in memory of his wife who recently passed away. She was an outstanding painter. He requested that the money be used for scholarships for PLAG members to attend workshops. He also wants it to be used toward awards for winners at our June show and as incentives for artists to expand their talent. Cindy suggested that the Art Committee can decide how the money will be awarded.

It was also discussed that we have approximately $48,000 in the bank from the sale of the Vaile Gallery. We could take an amount each year to do cash awards, as well as student scholarships. Cindy asked that members email her with ideas of how to use the money; how to use it as incentives to attract more membership to our group etc.

Irmi Knoth suggested chartering a bus to Denver to see the Denver Art Museum shows.

Other NEWS:

PLAG ROSTER: Susie Arnold will have a current/updated membership list at next month’s meeting.

Photography Show: Lynn Roth reminded everyone that there will be a photography show at TLCA following the PLAG show.

Art Committee meeting Monday, 2/13/17, 10 am at MCMC. All members welcome to attend.

Meeting adjourned at 10:20 am

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Please submit your requests to be printed by the March 25th or earlier. Thank you!

ARTofficial Intelligence • FEB

ARTofficial Intelligence • Cindy Tafil

What are Mars colors?

If you answered colors from Mars you would be partially correct. The planet Mars contains lots of iron oxides that give it its rusty appearance. Alien green however is not one of them. The Mars colors are all permanent, opaque and consist of synthetic iron oxides.

The colors are:

Mars Black is faster drying than Ivory Black and is a warm black.

Mars Brown is similar to Burnt Sienna.

Mars Red can be a dull violet or reddish orange gone dull.

Mars Violet is a hint of violet in an Indian Red.

Mars Yellow is lusterless yellow ochre.

There is some confusion about using the color black versus making a dark tone to simulate black.

Black paint matters! Black right out of the tube can be far too dark as a darkening agent for colors and should be used only to help establish the tone of a color. Mixing a dark color with its dark complement such as Alizarin Crimson and Thalo Green or Burnt Umber with Thalo Blue produce a rich dark. Payne’s Gray mixed with a touch of Alizarin and Violet produce a cool tone for shadows.

What’s the difference among Mars Black, Ivory Black and Lamp Black?

Mars Black is opaque with a warm hue.

Lamp Black (a term from the old oil burning lamps) is opaque, somewhat dull and is made of carbon collected from the soot of burning oils and fats. It’s not a friendly black and adjustments are necessary for the hue and tone of warm colors when a cool hue of the color is desired.

Ivory Black is made of carbon that is the result of burning bone. It is permanent and very transparent and not overpowering. A cool gray is produced by mixing White and Ivory Black.